Norm, Variation, Language Change
Coordinator: Associate professor Anita Berit Hansen
This platform studies patterns of linguistic variation, change and interactional behaviour in English, German, French, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish. The question of the processes of change and the nature of the observed variation is linked to the question of linguistic norms. How do new norms emerge, and what can this process tell us about language as an instrument of human communication?
The platform’s research is based on empirical studies, shedding light on various features undergoing variation and change. Some researchers focus on current trends, while others take a longer perspective. This enables us to contribute internationally to theoretical explorations in current linguistic debates on norm, variation and change (within construction grammar, grammaticalisation theory, sociolinguistics, pragmatics and perception theory).
An increasing amount of linguistic data is drawn from large electronic corpora, and some projects are directly concerned with the question of how such corpora can be exploited in the study of (changes in) language use. Another focal point is how some types of changes seem to promote an informalisation or democratisation of language use, and this involves the relation between situational and social variation and language change. Other projects examine the role of contextual embeddedness for the meaning of linguistic forms and how societal and technological changes over time can change the conditions of communication and thus language use.
Contrastive and typological issues are of great interest to several members. Interlanguage variation (between Danish and the foreign languages or mutually between these) is examined in order to understand the potential in
- How are norms of language use developed and maintained in the communities where the studied languages are used?
- How can corpora of spoken and written communication improve our understanding of norm, variation and change in these languages?
- How can contrasts between usage patterns in the various languages and cultures help understand the potential in variation and structure in human language?
- How can the study of contrasts shed light on the difficulties these languages pose for Danish-speaking L2-learners (collaboration with the platform “Language in the Danish Educational System”)?
- Variation and change in phonetics, (morpho-)syntax and lexicon (English, German, French, Spanish, Italian). Change in real and apparent time (French). Intelligibility and variation in accent (English). Variation in (morpho-)syntax (French, Spanish, Italian).
- Contrastive linguistics (Spanish, French, Italian, English, German). The construction of Spanish motion events in a contrastive perspective (Danish, Spanish, English). Variation and second language acquisition (French, Spanish).
- Sociolinguistic, pragmatic and cultural perspectives on language use and stylistic variation (English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese). Language attitudes – native/non-native accents (English, French). The formation of social and linguistic norms in multilingual communities (English). English as a lingua franca. Doctor-patient communication (Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian).
- Constructionist usage-based grammars and linguistic variation (English, French, Spanish). Argument structure constructions, inter- and intra-typological variation (English, Spanish). Discursive perspectives on constructions (English). The relation between grammar, usage and culture (English, French, Spanish, Italian).
- Corpus methodology in the study of linguistic variation and change (English, German, French, Spanish, Italian).
|de Oliveira, Sandi Michele||Associate professor||+45 353-28430|
|Farø, Ken Joensen||Associate professor emeritus||+45 22 84 61 21|
|Hansen, Anita Berit||Associate professor||+45 353-28450|
|Hernández-Flores, Nieves||Associate professor||+45 353-28441|
|Jensen, Christian||Associate professor||+45 353-30019|
|Jensen, Kim Ebensgaard||Associate professor||+45 353-33802|
|Kappa, Katherine||PhD fellow||+45 353-35794|
|Kragh, Kirsten A. Jeppesen||Head of studies||+45 353-28591|
|Lindschouw, Jan Juhl||Associate professor||+45 353-28432|
|Mortensen, Janus||Associate professor||+45 353-34020|
|Pedersen, Johan||Associate professor||+45 353-28428|
|Strudsholm, Erling||Associate professor||+45 353-28437|
See list of selected publications by the researchers involved in the platform.