Education for Intercultural and Democratic Citizenship
Talk by professor emeritus Michael Byram (Durham University) in the Digital series of talks on plurilingualism and interculturality.
People can learn the skills and attitudes of intercultural communication competence and become more or less proficient. However, when people meet other ways of living and thinking (other ‘cultures’), they often respond emotionally - and negatively - and they need to learn how to deal with these reactions. In my view they need to be taught since learning may not always take place effectively without teaching.
I will discuss what this implies in terms of ‘being critical’.
One consequence of my assertion that criticality or ‘critical cultural awar eness’ needs to be taught, is that teachers face ethical problems: What should they encourage their learners to do? Should they be neutral? Is it possible to be neutral? I will not answer such questions but suggest how teachers can answer for themselves.
Michael Byram has kindly given permission to record his presentation and share his PowerPoint presentation. This lecture is on work in progress and neither text nor slides are for quotation.