Plurilingual Education – Minority and Majority Students’ Language Awareness across Educational Levels

In recent years, plurilingual education has been subject to growing interest within educational research. The so-called pluralistic approach is based on students’ language resources and seeks to build bridges between languages (Danish, foreign languages, first languages, other languages) in order to enhance all learners’ communicative competence and language awareness (LA). From our perspective, all foreign language learners are plurilingual, and minority students are defined as having, in addition, other first languages than the majority language.

Despite the extensive use of the LA concept since 1984, a systematic empirical research on minority and majority learners' development of LA through plurilingual education across educational levels is still lacking in order to further theoretically develop the field of study. Based on curriculum analysis (macro level) and focused linguistic ethnography (nano level), the project investigates how minority and majority students develop LA in the context of plurilingual education in primary and lower secondary language education and in the course Almen Sprogforståelse in upper secondary education. 

The project starts in October 2020 and lasts three years.
























Name Title Phone E-mail
Daryai-Hansen, Petra Associate Professor +4535334482 E-mail
Drachmann, Natascha PhD Fellow +4530237919 E-mail
Holmen, Anne Head of Centre, Professor +4535328174 E-mail

Other researchers

Line Krogager Andersen, postdoc, Department for the Study of CultureUniversity of Southern Denmark

Line Møller Daugaard, associated researcher, VIA University College

Tom Steffensen, associated researcher, University College Copenhagen


Independent research fund

Funding: Independent Research Fund Denmark, DFF-Research Project 2
Period: 2020-2023
PI: Petra Daryai-Hansen

Digital series of talks on plurilingualism and interculturality, spring and autumn 2021

Teaching materials


Do you need inspiration on how to integrate plurilingualism and plurilingual education in your teaching? See the project’s collection of existing plurilingual teaching materials for primary, secondary and tertiary education. The teaching materials are available for free.